Orthopedic Surgeon in Iran

Orthopedic Surgeon in Iran

An orthopedic surgeon in Iran is a specialist who deals with all congenital and acquired disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons are devoted to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles. An orthopedic surgeon in Iran is in fact a physician who specializes in orthopedics and is called an orthopedic specialist or orthopedic surgeon.

Orthopedic Surgeon in Iran2

Studying this article will help you get information about the orthopedic surgeon in Iran and their duties and responsibilities.


Orthopedics is the branch of modern surgical science concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is made up of the body’s bones, muscles, joints, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and other connective tissue that supports and binds tissues and organs together.

An orthopedic surgeon in Iran who is also a bone and joint specialist or surgeon, always tries to treat injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system through surgical and non-surgical methods.

Origin of the word Orthopedic

The term orthopedic was coined by Nicholas Andry, a French surgeon in 1741. The word comes from the Greek orthos meaning “straight, correct” and paideia meaning “rearing of children.” The term was originally used for children and the kind of treatment they received for skeletal deformities like bow legs or knock-knees.

History of Orthopedics in Iran

In the past, fractures, dislocations, and bone and joint diseases were usually treated by general surgeons. The return of the trained Iranian orthopedic surgeons from the western countries in the late 1960s was a new era in orthopedic surgery in Iran. Afterward, orthopedics was known as a discipline in medical field, and bone and joint diseases as well as fractures and dislocations were treated by the orthopedic surgeons.

The orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran treats patients with bone, joint and spine disorders, including fractures and dislocations, congenital and acquired paralyzes, tendon and peripheral nerve injuries, and bone tumors.

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What is an Orthopedic Surgeon surgeon in Iran_ What does he/she do?

Back pain, sports injuries, osteoarthritis, and neck spasms are common musculoskeletal disorders that affect a patient’s physical condition.

Human movement is achieved by a complex mechanical interaction between bones and tissues, and an injury, discomfort, stiffness or fragility of these two important parts of the body can affect all the body’s functions, which may even make it impossible to do simple daily activities.

The orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran is familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system. He or she can treat conditions affecting this system and help improve function and reduce or eliminate pain.

The orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran can treat some musculoskeletal issues without surgery through using medication, exercise and other rehabilitation or alternative therapies. When these treatments no longer provide relief for pain and other symptoms, they may recommend surgery.

An orthopedic surgeon treats patients of all ages— from newborns to the elderly with a variety of conditions such as broken bones, joint problems (e.g., arthritis), sprains or strains, congenital conditions, degenerative conditions (e.g., osteoporosis), and bone tumors. The important thing to note is that the patient must follow his or her doctor’s instructions well and cooperate with him.

The role of the Orthopedic Surgeon surgeon in Iran in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of orthopedic disorders

In fact, the most important part of the orthopedic surgeon’s job is to provide an accurate diagnosis. Patients who have hip and knee replacement surgery, need special care after surgery. Because postoperative complications such as thromboembolic diseases and blood clots in the deep veins of the leg or pelvis can be life-threatening and fatal.

So, it’s necessary to be careful in choosing the orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran to minimize the risk of these serious complications.

What diseases and injuries doese an orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran treat?

  • Bone and joint injuries that may result in fracture, dislocation, sprain, or strain
  • Sports injuries
  • Joint problems (e.g., arthritis)
  • Infections
  • Soft tissue and bone tumors
  • Congenital conditions
  • Degenerative conditions

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Orthopedic Surgery Board Certification

In Iran, a physician who has a medical degree, can take the National Comprehensive Residency Exam and continue studies in a specialty like orthopedic surgery. This four-year specialized course is called residency and the physician who is undergoing residency training is called a resident. After completion of residency training, many physicians also choose to earn a board certification in their specialty. So they take the board exam and if they successfully passed the exam, they receive board certification.

Orthopedic subspecialties

Because of the explosion of sciences in all disciplines, including orthopedics, orthopedic surgery is also divided into subspecialties and many orthopedic surgeons confine their practices to specific subspecialties. In this way, they can gain more knowledge and experience in that area.

The subspecialties in the field of orthopedics include:

  • Hand surgery
  • Shoulder and elbow surgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Pelvic and hip surgery
  • Knee surgery
  • Foot and ankle orthopedics
  • Pediatric orthopedic surgery
  • Musculoskeletal tumor surgery

All the subspecialties mentioned above are not peculiar to orthopedic surgeons. As an instance, general surgery has a subspecialty named Hand surgery or neural surgeons operate spine related surgeries too.

In some countries there is medical training period called Fellowships taking several months up to a year .After completing these periods in medical training centers, orthopedic surgeons take the next step being improving their practical abilities in subspecialty related diseases.

In the following you can find operations an orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran can do:

  • Realignment and internal fixation
  • Joint replacement
  • Joint arthroscopy
  • Bone osteotomy and reshaping deformed bones
  • Bone grafting
  • Nerve related surgeries
  • Tendon replacement

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How the bones get injured?

Bones can pick up injuries due to various reasons, according to an orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran, and may need medicinal care or even a surgery. Here are the most common bone injuries:

  • Bone fractures caused by impacts
  • Osteoporosis
  • Bone tumors
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Congenital bone disorders
  • Bone deformities

What operations an orthopedic surgeon in Iran can do?

An orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran performs various types of operations including:

  • Realigning fractured bones and plastering them
  • Realigning fractured bones with open reduction where fragments are exposed and also bone fixation using screw or internal pin
  • Bone osteotomy and reshaping deformed bones
  • Opening valves in bones (in osteomyelitis surgery)
  • Bone lengthening and shortening
  • Epiphysiodesis
  • Bone biopsy
  • Removing bone tumors
  • Bone grafting when the bones don’t heal

Most common orthopedic problems in women

Given the fact that accidents and unexpected incidents are highly common today, orthopedic diseases and injuries are among the 5 most common illnesses in the world. Normally wrist, ankle, arm, shoulder, pelvis, thigh and forearm fractures are the most occurring orthopedic injuries among people.

Well-being and proper function of musculoskeletal system is directly related to other bodily systems. But mechanical life, lack of activity, unhealthy dietary habits, risky sports and activities, accidents, unexpected incidents etc. has exposed well-being of this bodily system to risks and dangers.

To name most common knee diseases, osteoarthritis, knee deformities like genu varum or genu valgum, kneecap friction in youngsters especially in women. These can be cured by an orthopedic surgeon surgeon in Iran.

Problem awaiting for young ladies

Rheumatic diseases and rheumatoid arthritis are conditions which young ladies are more prone to them. These degenerative diseases are more likely to happen in young ages. One of the early symptoms is pain in wrist, hand and sometimes foot. Big joint involvement has been seen among the symptoms. The involved joint will gradually destroy and clinical diagnosis is made using radiology and tests.

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Causes of most common orthopedic diseases

Most common cases of orthopedic diseases are: illness, wounds or diseases causing knee problems, head and neck problems, dislocated shoulder, torn cartilage, foot pain and fibromyalgia. These are only a small number of most common orthopedic diseases. There is sufficient number of treatments for orthopedic disorders. Here are a number of causes for orthopedic diseases: musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, spinal trauma and disorders, infection, congenital disorders and tumors. This article’s purpose is to make acquaintance with orthopedic diseases along with how to diagnose, treat and cure them.


Most common orthopedic diseases

Arthritis is one of the most common orthopedic and rheumatic diseases which can cause pain, swelling and difficulty in movement. These will affect joints. Arthritis means joint inflammation. Joint is where two or several bones connect together. Every disease that causes pain, stiffness and swelling in joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments or bones is considered as a rheumatic disease. Rheumatoid arthritis rarely changes and could advance gradually. Unfortunately what causes arthritis has remained majorly unknown.

Back pain and orthopedic treatment

Today one of the most common orthopedic diseases is back pain which can be caused by extreme activities, improper use of and continues exposure to radiation. Traumas or lesions could cause chronic back pain.

Bone fractures

One of the widespread orthopedic diseases is bone fracture which may be considered the most common orthopedic disease. Partial or complete fractures can happen in bones. We classify a fracture as Open or Close. Open fractures, also called compound fractures, happen when bones are exposed or lesions expose them through the skin.

Orthopedic Surgeon in Iran


Neck pain

Neck pain can be considered one of the most common orthopedic conditions. It may be caused by trauma, an impact upon the neck, traumatized neck muscles or ligaments, neck disc or arthritis. Tumors or congenital anomalies in vertebrae could increase neck pain. Rotation and deviation of the cervical vertebra can also cause neck pain which may lead to headache, shoulder or back pain.

Fibrositis or Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Fibromyalgia is a diseases which causes pain in muscles and soft tissue in body. This chronic condition which is unknown in cause, can affect neck, shoulder, back, chest and limbs. Researchers believe sleep problems and stress may be related. This disease can also be related to immune system disorders, endocrine glands or bio-chemistry of the body.


Osteoporosis can be seen frequently among people. Bone components are regularly replaced by the body. This condition happens when these components degenerate or are generated too quickly. Osteoporosis can be the main cause of bone fracture.


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